Intel intros new Nehalem-EX 8-core processors

Intel Corporation culminated the transition to the company’s award-winning “Nehalem” chip design with the launch of the Intel® Xeon® 7500 processor series. In less than 90 days, Intel has introduced all-new 2010 PC, laptop and server processors that increase energy efficiency and computing speed and include a multitude of new features that make computers more intelligent, flexible and reliable.

Expandable to include from two to 256 chips per server, the new Intel Xeon processors have an average performance three times that of Intel’s existing Xeon 7400 series on common, leading enterprise benchmarks, and come equipped with more than 20 new reliability features.

Twenty Old Servers – To One New One

The combined scalable performance, advanced reliability and total cost of ownership advantages of the Xeon 7500 series will further accelerate the shift from proprietary systems to industry-standard Intel processor-based servers. These new capabilities enable IT managers to consolidate up to 20 older single-core, 4-chip servers onto a single server using Intel Xeon 7500 series processors while maintaining the same level of performance. In doing so, they could also see up to a 92 percent estimated reduction in energy costs and a return on their investment estimated within 1 year due to reductions in power, cooling and licensing costs.

Xeon 7500

“The Xeon 7500 brings mission critical capabilities to the mainstream by delivering the most significant leap in performance, scalability and reliability ever seen from Intel,” said Kirk Skaugen, vice president of the Intel architecture group and general manager of Intel’s data center group. “This combination will help users push to new levels of productivity, and accelerate the industry’s migration away from proprietary architectures. We are democratizing high-end computing.”

New Standards in Reliability and Scalability

Mission-critical workloads run by customers that simply cannot afford unscheduled downtime such as hospitals or stock exchanges can take advantage of more than 20 new features that deliver a leap forward in reliability, availability and serviceability (RAS). These reliability capabilities are designed to improve the protection of data integrity, increase availability and minimize planned downtime.

NHM-EX Die Shot

For example, this is the first Xeon processor to possess Machine Check Architecture (MCA) Recovery, a feature that allows the silicon to work with the operating system and virtual machine manager to recover from otherwise fatal system errors, a mechanism until now found only in the company’s Intel® Itanium® processor family and RISC processors.

The Intel Xeon processor 7500 series offers unique scalability through modular building blocks enabled by Intel® QuickPath Technology (QPI) interconnect. With QPI, cost-effective and highly scalable eight-processor servers that don’t require specialized third-party node controller chips to “glue” the system together can be built. Intel is also working with system vendors to deliver “ultra-scale” systems with 16 processors for the enterprise, and up to 256 processors and support for 16 terabytes (one terabyte is equal to 1,000 gigabytes) of memory for high- performance computing “super nodes” running bandwidth-demanding applications such as financial analysis, numerical weather predictions and genome sequencing.

Record-Shattering Performance

The Intel Xeon processor 7500 series represents the largest performance leap in Xeon family history, with the chip being an average three times faster across a range of benchmarks, setting over 20 new world records including stellar results from Cisco*, Dell*, Fujitsu*, IBM*, NEC* and SGI*.

Model No. of Sockets World Record Benchmark Claims2
SGI* Altix* UV 1000 64 SPECint*_rate_base2006, SPECfp*_rate_base2006
Fujitsu* PRIMEQUEST*1800E 8 SAP* Sales and Distribution (SD) two-tier, SPECjbb*2005, SPECfp*_rate_base2006, and SPECint*_rate_base2006
NEC* Express*5800/A1080a-E 8 TPC Benchmark* E
Cisco* UCS C460 M1 4 SPECint*_rate_base2006, LS-Dyna* car2car high-performance computing (HPC), SPECompL*_base2001
Dell* PowerEdge* R910 4 SPECjAppServer*2004
Fujitsu* PRIMERGY* RX600-S5 4 SAP* BI-Datamart
IBM* System x* 3850 X5 4 VMmark*, TPC Benchmark* E, SAP* SD two-tier, SPECjEnterprise*2010, SPECfp*_rate_base2006, and SPECjbb*2005
SGI* Altix* UV 10 4 SPECompM*2001
Dell* PowerEdge* R810 2 SPECjbb*2005
IBM* System x* 3950 X5 2 SPECint*_rate_base2006

For detailed performance results and more information about all the world record claims see the accompanying performance fact sheet and visit

Large-Scale Virtualization

The Intel Xeon processor 7500 series meets the growing trend of IT organizations virtualizing large mission-critical workloads for applications such as Enterprise Resource Planning. With up to eight times the memory bandwidth of the Intel Xeon processor 7400 series and four times the memory capacity with 16 memory slots per processor, the Xeon 7500 series can support one terabyte (or 1,000 gigabytes) of memory in a four-socket platform. Intel Virtualization Technologies, which include new I/O virtualization capabilities and Intel® Virtualization Technology (VT) FlexMigration, enables live VM migration across all Intel® Core™ microarchitecture-based platforms to ensure investment protection for administrators seeking to use pools of virtualized systems to facilitate failover, disaster recovery, load balancing and optimal server maintenance and downtime.

Two-Chip and Cost Optimized Servers

New two-chip expandable class platforms with large memory capacity based on the Intel Xeon processor 7500 series are ideal for memory intensive databases and virtualization environments. The Intel Xeon processor 7500 series is available in quad, six and eight core versions with twice the number of threads thanks to Intel Hyper-Threading Technology. The Intel Xeon processor 6500 series provides a lower cost solution for 2-chip servers with large memory requirements.

Product Details

The Intel Xeon processor 7500 series supports up to eight integrated cores and 16 threads, and can scale up to 32 cores and 64 threads per 4-chip platform or 64 cores and 128 threads per 8-chip platform, and is available with frequencies up to 2.66 GHz, and 24 MB of Intel® Smart Cache memory, four Intel QPI links and Intel Turbo Boost technology. Thermal Design Point (TDP) power levels range from 95 watts to 130 watts.

The Intel Xeon processor X7560, with eight cores and 24MB cache size, is built for highly parallel, data demanding and mission-critical workloads, whereas the Intel Xeon processor X7542 is a frequency-optimized 6-core option at 2.66 GHz targeted for super node high-performance computing applications in science and financial services.

Pricing and Availability

The innovative modular scaling of the Xeon® 7500 processor works with the Intel 7500 Chipset and Intel 7500 Scalable Memory Buffers to enable unique OEM system designs and brings a wide range of socket, memory and I/O, form factor, and reliability feature sets never before available to the mainstream server market. Enterprise software vendors expected to support the high-end features of Intel Xeon processor 7500-based platforms, include Citrix*, IBM*, Microsoft*, Novell*, Oracle*, Red Hat*, SAP AG* and VMware*. System vendors are lining up to take advantage of the high-end Intel Xeon processor 7500 series capabilities and deliver highly innovative solutions at much lower costs than older proprietary solutions. With more than double the amount of designs versus the previous generation Intel Xeon processor 7400 series, system manufacturers were expected to announce systems based on the Intel Xeon processor 7500/6500 processor starting today.

These manufacturers include Bull*, Cisco*, Cray*, Dell*, Fujitsu*, Hitachi*, HP*, IBM*, Inspur*, NEC*, Oracle*, SGI*, Supermicro* and Quanta*.

Processor Number Processor Frequency Cache Scalability Power
Intel® Turbo Boost Technology Intel® Hyper-Threading Technology Cores / Threads 1Ku Price
Intel® Xeon® Processor X7560 2.26 GHz 24M 2S/4S/8S 130W 8 /16 $3692
Intel® Xeon® Processor X7550 2 Ghz 18M 2S/4S/8S 130W 8 /16 $2729
Intel® Xeon® Processor E7540 2 Ghz 18M 2S/4S/8S 105W 6 / 12 $1980
Intel® Xeon® Processor E7530 1.86 Ghz 12M 2S/4S 105W 6 / 12 $1391
Intel® Xeon® Processor E7520 1.86 Ghz 18M 2S/4S 95W 4 / 8 $856
Intel® Xeon® Processor L7555 1.86 Ghz 24M 2S/4S/8S 95W 8/ 16 $3157
Intel® Xeon® Processor L7545 1.86 Ghz 18M 2S/4S/8S 95W 6 / 12 $2087
Intel® Xeon® Processor X7542 2.66 Ghz 18M 2S/4S/8S 130W 6/ 6 $1980
Intel® Xeon® Processor X6550 2 Ghz 18M 2S 130W 8 /16 $2461
Intel® Xeon® Processor E6540 2 Ghz 18M 2S 105W 6/ 12 $1712
Intel® Xeon® Processor E6510 1.73 Ghz 12M 2S 105W 4 / 8 $744

Source: Intel